Saturday 24 December 2016

The SFF All-Time Sales List

New and improved for 2017, this list updates the previous iterations from 2008, 2013 and 2015.

These two authors have sold (very nearly) a billion books between them.

The usual rules apply: these figures come from publishers, websites and the authors themselves, they may be for all books in print rather than sold (although this will only cause a big difference for authors at the tail end of the list) and they are certainly not all right up to date. The first 10 authors are listed here, the rest after the jump.

Please note that the text of some entries remains unchanged since the previous list, as I wasn't going to rewrite every single one where no new information can be found.

As previously, I am indebted to the contributors to this thread on who kept the figures rolling in over the past eighteen months, and this thread where new information will be updated. Jussi of and forum users AncalagonTheBlack and TerokNor were invaluable in coallating this information (the latter for highlighting the biggest-selling German authors).

1) J.K Rowling (c. 450 million)
J.K. Rowling may have completed Harry Potter, but the series is still selling phenomenally well. Coupled with the success of her two adult novels (The Casual Vacancy and The Cuckoo's Calling) and the Harry Potter stage play, her position at the top of the table is maintained.

2) Stephen King (c. 400 million)
As said in The Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1996), King's worldwide sales are totally incalculable and the above figure remains fairly conservative. King's Dark Tower series has also sold more than 30 million copies by itself. Next year's film version will likely boost sales further.

3) JRR Tolkien (c. 350 million)
Tolkien's sales are likewise incalculable: 100,000 copies of a pirated version of The Lord of the Rings were sold in the United States alone in under a year, so the figures for unauthorised versions of the book in other countries are completely unguessable. What remains certain is that The Lord of the Rings is the biggest-selling single genre novel of all time, and possibly the best-selling single novel of all time. More than 50 million copies of the book have been sold since 2001 alone. The 100+ million sales of The Hobbit alone have also been bolstered significantly by the new Peter Jackson movies. If anything, the above figure may well be the most conservative on the list and Tolkien's sales may be vastly more than King's.

4) Stephanie Meyer (250 million)
The Twilight series has sold a quarter of a billion copies in less than decade on sale. An impressive and startling achievement.

[Dean Koontz (c. 200 million)]
Dean Koontz's official website claims sales of 450 million, which seem hard to credit for an author with a big profile, but nowhere near that of King or Rowling. Other figures suggest 200 million, which seems much more credible. However, Koontz's eligibility for the list is questionable given that he has written numerous non-SFF novels (though many of them still within the horror or suspense thriller genres). Thus his placement on the list is for those who consider him to be a genre author.

[Michael Crichton (c. 200 million)]
Michael Crichton published 27 novels during his lifetime, selling more than 200 million copies. Only eight of those novels are SF, but these include most of his best-known novels (including Jurassic Park, The Lost World, Sphere, Congo and The Andromeda Strain). His placement here is for comparative purposes and for those who consider him to be a genre author.

5) Anne Rice (136 million)
Anne Rice's Vampire Chronicles books were a huge phenomenon through the 1980s and 1990s, bolstered by the Tom Cruise/Brad Pitt movie.

6) CS Lewis (120 million+)
No change here, though Lewis's sales have likely increased somewhat due to the movies based on his Chronicles of Narnia novels.

7) Edgar Rice Burroughs (100 million+)
Edgar Rice Burroughs was a hugely prolific author. He has sold more than 100 million copies of his novels, including the SF Barsoom, Pellucidar, Venus, Caspak and Moon series and the non-SF Tarzan series.

8) Sir Arthur C. Clarke (100 million+)
Sir Arthur C. Clarke gains the distinction of being the only author on the list to be nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize and have an orbit named after him. Clarke was already a well-known, big-selling SF author when the film 2001: A Space Odyssey and his television coverage of the first moon landing catapulted him into becoming a household name. A steady stream of best-selling, high-profile and critically-acclaimed SF novels continued into the 1980s, when his profile was again boosted by his TV series, Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World. As well as his SF novels he also published a large number of non-fiction books and volumes of criticism on matters of science.

9) Suzanne Collins (100 million+)
Suzanne Collins's The Hunger Games hadn't even been published when I created the very first list. The trilogy has been published in full, sold over 100 million copies (over 65 million in the USA alone) and generated four hit movies since then. Very impressive.

10) Andre Norton (90 million+)
Andre Norton was one of science fiction and fantasy's most prolific authors, penning around 300 books (either novels or story collections) in a career stretching over decades.


[H. Rider Haggard (85 million+)]
H. Rider Haggard is an influential writer of the late 19th Century, most famous for King Solomon's Mines. His novel She: A Novel of Adventure features significant supernatural influences (such as the main villain being immortal and killed by a supernatural force), but most of his work can be classified as adventure fiction rather than SFF.

11) Sir Terry Pratchett (85 million+)
The late, great Sir Terry Pratchett remains one of the biggest-selling SFF novelists in the world and, because his Discworld books are mostly stand-alone novels, he may actually have a lot more readers than several of the above.

12) Robert Jordan (80 million+)
On the very first list, Jordan had a lower position based on the frequently-given figure of 44 million. That has since been boosted by an additional 12 million sales of The Gathering Storm and Towers of Midnight (and possibly early sales of A Memory of Light). However, since then it has been revealed that this 56 million figure is for the United States and Canada alone. When a series has been sold in more than 20 languages (as this has), the rule of thumb is that half of the total sales figures come from outside the USA. The UK alone has added sales of 5 million to the figure. As a result, worldwide sales of at least 80 million for Wheel of Time are credible, and significantly more than that is likely. Since assembling the previous list the 80 million figure has been confirmed (as on the low side of things) by one of Jordan's international publishers. This figure may by now be closer to 90 million, and will likely explode upwards if the reported Wheel of Time television deal comes to pass.

13) George R.R. Martin (70 million+)
A Song of Ice and Fire's sales have exploded in the last six years. From circa 12 million books sold in 2011, the series sold more than 9 million copies in the remainder of that year alone. Though Martin's sales were starting to noticeably take off anyway in the mid-2000s, the main reason for the boost has been the remarkable success of the Game of Thrones TV series on HBO. He has also sold 1.2 million books in Spain alone.

[Star Wars (70 million)]
Del Rey and Bantam have sold over 70 million Star Wars novels, mostly from the "Expanded Universe", in the United States and Canada alone. This figure does not include those books published by Lucasfilm directly and Disney, including all of the "New Canon" novels.

[John Saul (60 million+)]
John Saul has sold over 60 million copies of his horror novels. Most of them fall into the psychological horror or thriller sub-categories, with only a few involving supernatural forces.

14) Rick Riordan (55 million+)
Rick Riordan is the author of the Percy Jackson series, which has so far spawned two successful movie adaptation and driven renewed sales of the books. He has sold over 55 million books worldwide.

15) James Herbert (54 million+)
The recently-deceased James Herbert has sold more than 54 million copies of his horror novels, most of which had an SF or supernatural twist.

16) Terry Brooks (50 million+)
Terry Brooks has sold over 30 million copies in the USA alone with his international sales boosting this massively. The Shannara Chronicles TV series has also likely helped push sales.

17) Richard Adams (50 million+)
Watership Down has sold more than 50 million copies by itself, though its fantasy status is debatable (you can argue about this in the comments!). I tend to count it as such, since aside from the talking rabbits there's also the fact that ghosts and spirit guides play a role. Adams has also sold not-inconsiderable numbers of his fantasy novels set in the Beklan Empire, Shardik and Maia, not to mention further works related to Watership Down.

[Dennis Wheatley (50 million)]
Dennis Wheatley was the biggest-selling British author of the 1960s and 1970s, routinely selling more than a million copies a year for over a decade. The majority of his books were crime, political or spy thrillers. However, he also published novels featuring supernatural elements, resulting from his own fascination with the occult. As a result, a small number of his books may be of genre interest.

18) Robert Heinlein (50 million)
One of the grand masters of old-school SF and one of the "Big Three" of late 20th Century SF alongside Arthur C. Clarke and Isaac Asimov, Heinlein had sold 11.5 million books by the early 1980s and about 50 million in total to date.

19) Arkady & Boris Strugatsky (50 million+)
Russian brothers Arkady and Boris Strugatsky are among the most famous SF authors of all time, and certainly the most famous to emerge from the former Soviet Union. They wrote many novels, novellas and short stories of note, but their most famous work is the seminal and massively influential Roadside Picnic, which inspired the STALKER series of video games.

20) Cassandra Clare (50 million)
Cassandra Clare is the author of The Shadowhunter Chronicles, made up of the Mortal Instruments, Infernal Devices and the forthcoming Dark Artifices sub-series.

[Jean M. Auel (45 million+)]
Jean M. Auel has sold over 45 million copies of her Earth's Children sequence. Though written as speculative history, some have categorised the books as alternate history and thus borderline SF.

21) Wolfgang & Heike Hohlbein (43 million+)
Husband-and-wife team Wolfgang and Heike Hohlbein are the biggest-selling German authors of science fiction and fantasy, best known for their Magic Moon series.

[Morgan Llywelyn (40 million)]
Morgan Llywelyn is a best-selling Irish author whose work consists mostly of historical novels. However, some of them have a supernatural or occult twist, sometimes fairly minor and occasionally more notable.

22) Neil Gaiman (40 million+ )
Neil Gaiman has sold 30 million copies of the Sandman series of graphic novels alone and over 10 million novels. Coraline (arguably Gaiman's least-well-known novel) has sold 1 million copies by itself, as has The Graveyard Book.

23) Veronica Roth (40 million+)
What a difference two years make. Veronica Roth's sales have exploded from 22 million to 40 million since the previous list, no doubt due to the success of the movies based on her Divergent series of YA SF novels. The financial failure of the last Divergent movie does not seem to have impacted the impressive book sales.

24) Christopher Paolini (39 million)
Christopher Paolini's four-volume Inheritance Cycle has proven very popular, despite the relative failure of the Eragon movie.

25) Charlaine Harris (37 million)
Charlaine Harris has sold more than 30 million copies of her Southern Vampire Mysteries series, driven by the success of its TV adaptation, True Blood.

26) Michael Ende (36 million)
Michael Ende has sold more than 16 million copies of his novel, The Neverending Story, by itself and almost 20 million copies of his various other books. The success of the series as bolstered by several films based on his books.

27) Stanislaw Lem (30 million+)
The Polish author of Solaris and numerous other SFF novels has sold more than 30 million copies of his work worldwide.

28) R.A. Salvatore (30 million+)
Similarly to the Jordan situation, Salvatore's previously-reported sales figure of between 15 and 20 million was for the United States alone. Given his widespread global fame, a total worldwide figure of at least 30 million seems credible. Salvatore is the creator of Drizzt Do'Urden, by far the most popular individual Dungeons and Dragons character, and sales of his novels alone outstrip the estimated 20 million+ sales of the actual roleplaying game. Salvatore's series include the Icewind Dale and Dark Elf trilogies.

29) Sherrilyn Kenyon (30 million+)
Sherrilyn Kenyon is a prolific urban fantasy author who also publishes supernatural-tinged historical fantasy under the pen name Kinley MacGregor. She has over 30 million books in print in over 100 countries. Her best-known work is the Dark-Hunter series. She is so successful she even cowed even the famously litigious Games Workshop when they tried to publish a Warhammer 40K series with the same name.

30) Tad Williams (30 million)
Tad Williams had sold 30 million copies of his books, including the Memory, Sorrow and Thorn trilogy, the Otherland quartet, the Shadowmarch series, the Bobby Dollar books and several stand-alones, by 2011. Expect the new Memory, Sorrow and Thorn sequel series, The Last King of Osten Ard, to add a lot to that.

31) Mary Stewart (30 million+)
Mary Stewart wrote many adventure and historical novels, but by far her biggest-selling work was the five-volume historical fantasy Merlin Series, beginning with The Crystal Cave.

32) Kaoru Kurimoto (28 million)
Japanese author Kaoru Kurimoto published a startling 130 volumes of her Guin Saga series of fantasy adventure novels prior to her premature death in 2009.

33) Diana Gabaldon (27 million)
The author of the Outlander series, in which a 20th Century nurse time-travels back to Jacobite times and falls in love with a Highlander. The success of the TV series will likely boost sales further.

34) Terry Goodkind (26 million)
Terry Goodkind has sold 26 million copies of his Sword of Truth series and associated novels.

35) George Orwell (25 million+)
Orwell's prophetic SF allegory Nineteen Eighty-Four has sold more than 25 million copies by itself, with an unknown (but likely massive) number of copies of his allegorical animal work Animal Farm have also been shifted over the years.

36) Marion Zimmer Bradley (25 million+)
Marion Zimmber Bradley sold more than 20 million copies of her feminist take on the Arthurian legend, The Mists of Avalon, by itself. Her Darkover series has sold an additional 5 million copies. Her many other books may take this total figure rather higher. 

37) Darren Shan (25 million+)
Irish author Darren Shan has sold more than 25 million copies of his numerous YA and adult fantasy and horror novels.  

38) Eoin Colfer (25 million)
The Artemis Fowl sequence remains one of the biggest YA series around.

39) Kevin J. Anderson (23 million)
Anderson has sold 23 million copies of his franchise tie-ins in the Dune, Star Wars, StarCraft and X-Files worlds. However, he has also sold a reasonable amount of his original series as well.

40) Brandon Sanderson (22 million)
Brandon Sanderson only published his first novel in 2005, so to achieve 22 million sales in just eleven years is extraordinarily impressive, with 12 million sales from his three Wheel of Time novels and about 10 million of his solo books, including the Mistborn, Stormlight Archive, Alcatraz and Reckoners series.

41) Philip Pullman (22 million)
The lukewarm reception to The Golden Compass movie and the extremely long wait for The Book of Dust hasn't dented Pullman's book-selling power, with the His Dark Materials trilogy shifting 22 million copies worldwide.

42) Margaret Weis (c. 22 million)
Margaret Weis is best-known for her many collaborations with Tracy Hickman, most notably in the the Dragonlance fantasy world. She has also written several solo novels and in collaboration with other writers, and for many years ran her own RPG company.

43) Tracy Hickman (c. 22 million)
Tracy Hickman is best-known for his work on the Dragonlance series with Margaret Weis. He has also written solo novels and in collaboration with others, not to mention working on gaming materials.

44) Isaac Asimov (20 million+)
The seven volumes of the Foundation series alone have sold more than 20 million copies. When coupled with Asimov's other numerous books (he published more than 400 books in his lifetime), his total sales are likely a lot higher than this.

45) Brian Jacques (c. 20 million)
The late Brian Jacques has sold over 20 million copies of his Redwall series of animal-based epic fantasies.

46) Kazumasa Hirai (c. 20 million)
Kazumasa Hirai is the author of the Genma Taisen series of post-apocalyptic novels and graphic novels.

47) Raymond E. Feist (20 million)
Feist has sold more than 20 million copies of his Riftwar Cycle, which he recently concluded after thirty volumes. Some reports suggest that Magician by itself (in both its one-volume and American two-volume formats) accounts for almost half those sales.

48) Michael Moorcock (20 million)
Moorcock has sold an impressive 20 million copies of his numerous books over the course of his lengthy career, most of them set in the Eternal Champion multiverse.

49) Mercedes Lackey (20 million)
The prolific Mercedes Lackey has sold more than 20 million copies of her fantasy novels, the best-known of which form the Valdemar series. 

50) Frank Herbert (20 million)
Frank Herbert's Dune is the biggest-selling SF novel of all time, shifting 12 million copies by itself. I would hazard that most of the remaining 8 million copies are of the five other Dune novels as well.

51) Orson Scott Card (20 million+)
Orson Scott Card has sold over 20 million books, with over seven million copies of Ender's Game by itself in print.

52) Cornelia Funke (20 million+)
Author and illustrator Cornelia Funke was born in Germany but is now resident in California. She is best-known for her children's fantasies, including the popular Inkheart series.

53) P.C. Cast (20 million+)
PC Cast has written numerous supernatural and YA series, but her biggest success is The House of Night, co-authored with her daughter Kristin.

54) David & Leigh Eddings (18 million+)
The late Eddings couple had sold more than 7 million copies of the Belgariad and Malloreon series alone by 1995, with another 1.5 million copies sold of the combined Elenium and Tamuli trilogies. The total figure (incoporating almost twenty years of additional sales and his later Belgariad prequels and other books) has now passed 18 million.

55) Hideyuki Kikuchi (18 million)
Hideyuki Kikuchi has sold some 18 million copies of his Vampire Hunter D series, not including its manga spin-offs.

56) Anne McCaffrey (18 million+)
Anne McCaffrey has sold 18 million copies of her Dragonriders of Pern series, with more than half a million copies sold of her collaborations with her son Todd alone.

57) Roger Zelazny (18 million+)
Roger Zelazny has sold more than 15 million copies of the Chronicles of Amber series alone and another 3 million for Lord of Light.

58) Larry Niven (17 million+)
Larry Niven has sold 10 million copies of his collaborations with Jerry Pournelle alone. His Ringworld books add a further 7 million sales on top of that.

59) Douglas Adams (16 million)
He may have published only a small number of novels (including the Hitch-Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy series) and suffered tremendously from writer's block, but Douglas Adams' sales remain impressive.

60) Yoshiki Tanaka (15 million)
Yoshiki Tanaka is the author of the ten-volume Legend of the Galactic Heroes SF novel series, which is hugely popular in Japan. It has spawned numerous adaptations and spin-offs in other media.

61) Timothy Zahn (15 million)
Timothy Zahn is the biggest-selling author of Star Wars novels, with the 15 million figure coming from his work in that setting alone (most notably the Thrawn novels). You can add hundreds of thousands more sales from his own novels on top of that.

62) J.R. Ward (15 million+)
J.R. Ward is the author of paranormal romances. She has sold over 2.6 million books in Germany alone and 15 million worldwide.

63) Madeline L'Engle (14 million+)
Madeline L'Engle's Time Quartet and its related spin-off books have been hugely successful, with the first novel in the series, A Wrinkle in Time, selling 10 million copies by itself. The sales of the rest of the series are unknown, so the total may be noticeably higher even than this figure. With a high-profile Wrinkle in Time movie due in 2018, her sales may rise even further.

64) James Dashner (14 million+)
More than 14 million copies of the Maze Runner series have been sold, bolstered by the recent feature film. 

65) James Blish (12 million+)
James Blish, the SF author who coined the term "gas giant", wrote the enormously populist Cities in Flight series in the 1960s. However, his enormous sales and success came from writing more than a dozen Star Trek novels for Bantam in the 1960s and 1970s, comprising original material and adaptations of TV episodes.

66) Laurell K. Hamilton (12 million+)
Laurell K. Hamilton is the author of the Anita Blake, Vampire Hunter series.

67) Holly Black (12 million+)
Holly Black is the co-creator of The Spiderwick Chronicles and also a successful solo author, writing the Curse Workers series.

68) Tony DiTerlizzi (12 million+)
Tony DiTerlizzi is a writer and illustrator. He is the co-creator of The Spiderwick Chronicles.

69) John Norman (12 million+)
John Norman is the author of the Gor series which, improbably, is continuing today.

70) Diana Wynne Jones (10 million+)
The late Diana Wynne Jones sold more than 10 million copies of her books worldwide, a million of them in the UK alone. She is best-known for the Chrestomanci series.

71) Robert E. Howard (10 million+)
Robert E. Howard's hugely influential short stories, including the Conan the Barbarian and Kull the Conqueror series, have sold more than 10 million copies in book form alone. His total sales, including magazine sales driven by his stories, are likely incalculable.

72) Stephen Donaldson (10 million)
Stephen Donaldson's Lord Foul's Bane, published in 1977, kick-started the modern epic fantasy explosion alongside Brooks' Sword of Shannara. However, unlike Brooks who has continued to work in the Shannara universe ever since, Donaldson spent a whole two decades trying to stay away from his signature character with works such as Mordant's Need and the superlative Gap space opera series before returning to the series, and the bestseller lists, with The Last Chronicles of Thomas Covenant. Note that Lord Foul's Bane had sold 10 million copies by itself by 2004, so this figure will be considerably higher.

73) Alice Sebold (10 million+)
Alice Sebold's afterlife fantasy The Lovely Bones has sold 10 million copies since its publication in 2002, possibly helped by the Peter Jackson movie adaptation.

74) Jerry Pournelle (10 million+) 
Jerry Pournelle has sold 10 million copies of his collaborations with Larry Niven.

75) Chris Bunch (10 million+)
Chris Bunch is the co-author (with Allan Cole)  of the Sten SF series, as well as numerous solo works. He sold more than 10 million copies of the Sten series alone, driven the enormous popularity of the series in Russia. Sales of his solo work, such as the Seer King Trilogy (a fantasy take on the Napoleonic Wars), would likely push this figure higher.

76) Allan Cole (10 million+)
Chris Bunch's collaborator on the Sten series. Unlike Bunch, Cole has written only a few non-Sten books, so his total sales figures are likely closer to the 10 million figure.

77) Peter Straub (10 million+)
Peter Straub is a bestselling horror novelist, arguably best known for his novel Ghost Story and his collaboration with Stephen King, The Talisman

78) Frederik Pohl (10 million+)
The late Frederik Pohl's total sales are almost certainly a lot higher, as he sold more than 10 million copies of The Space Merchants by itself.

79) Cyril M. Kornbluth (10 million+)
Cyril Kornbluth has sold more than 10 million copies of his novel The Space Merchants, written in collaboration with Frederik Pohl.

80) Gordon R. Dickson (10 million+)
Gordon R. Dickson has sold 10 million copies of his books, of which the best-known are the Childe Cycle (aka the Dorsai series).

81) Patrick Rothfuss (10 million+)
A mega-seller from the off, The Name of the Wind and The Wise Man's Fear (along with several novellas) have sold over 10 million copies with over 500,000 sales in the UK and 800,000 in Spain alone. The forthcoming concluding volume in the Kingkiller Chronicle trilogy, The Doors of Stone, will push that up, as will the movie adaptation from Lionsgate if it gets off the ground.

82) Gregory Maguire (10 million+)
Gregory Maguire is the author of the Wicked series of tie-ins with L. Frank Baum's Oz series, the first of which has been turned into a mega-selling musical.

83) Lauren Kate (10 million+)
A recent breakout success, Lauren Kate is the author of the bestselling YA paranormal series Fallen. The series has sold over 200,000 copies in Germany alone and 10 million worldwide.

84) Lois Lowry (10 million+)
Lois Lowry is the author of The Giver Quartet.

85) Richelle Mead (9 million+)
Richelle Mead is the author of the Vampire Academy YA series.

86) Ransom Riggs (9 million+)
Ransom Riggs has sold over nine million copies of Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children, bolstered by the recent film adaptation.

87) Ray Bradbury (8 million+)
Ray Bradbury has sold over 8 million copies of his books in 36 languages, the best-known of which remain The Martian Chronicles and Farenheit 451.

88) Christopher Golden (8 million+)
Christopher Golden is a highly prolific writer, penning dozens of novels and comic books, both with original material and media tie-ins for properties such as Buffy the Vampire Slayer.

89) F. Paul Wilson (8 million+)
F. Paul Wilson is the authr of numerous SF and supernatural-tinged thrillers, the best-known of which is the Repairman Jack series.

90) John Flanagan (8 million+)
John Flanagan has sold over 8 million copies of the Ranger's Apprentice and Brotherband series.

91) Alyson Noel (8 million+)
Alyson Noel is the author of The Immortals.

92) David Weber (8 million+)
The author of the Honor Harington space opera series and the Safehold series, amongst many other works, has become one of the dominant authors of military SF.

[Bernard Cornwell (7 million+)]
The overwhelming majority of Cornwell's books are historical adventure novels, such as the Sharpe series set during the Napoleonic Wars and his Saxon Saga (recently adapted for television as The Last Kingdom). However, some claim that his novels are alternate history and his Warlord Chronicles series is both highly speculative and features intimations of magic (through visions and prophecies), so he is included for comparative purposes. These are Cornwell's UK only sales from 2000-09, so his total sales will be notably higher.

93) Jonathan Stroud (7 million+)
The Bartimaeus Sequence has sold over 7 million copies to date.

94) Audrey Niffenegger (7 million+)
More than 5 million copies of The Time Traveller's Wife have been sold worldwide, half of that total in the USA and UK alone. 

95) William Gibson (6.5 million+)
Cyberpunk pioneer William Gibson has sold more than 6.5 million copies of Neuromancer by itself. His total sales will be a lot more.

96) Peter S. Beagle (6 million+)
Peter S. Beagle has sold more than 6 million copies of The Last Unicorn by itself.

97) Jim Butcher (6 million+)
Jim Butcher has sold more than 4.5 million books according to Nielsen Bookscan and some publicity materials from a few years back suggest 6 million. The true figure could be significantly higher than this. He is the author of The Dresden Files.

98) Barbara Hambly (6 million+)
Barbara Hambly has sold over 6 million copies of her books, which include original novels and Star Trek and Star Wars tie-ins.

99) Robert Harris (6 million+) (SF only)
Robert Harris has sold more than 6 million copies of his classic post-WWII alternate-history novel Fatherland by itself. Most of his other books are thrillers or Roman historical novels.

100) Bella Forrest (6 million+)
Bella Forrest is the author of the Shade of Vampire series.

101) L. Frank Baum (5 million+)
This figure is very inaccurate; the Oz books by themselves had sold 5 million copies by 1956. In the fifty-seven years since, the series has likely multiplied that several times. However, the early books in the series are now out of copyright, which makes tracking sales figures almost impossible.

102) Daniel Keyes (5 million+)
Daniel Keyes had sold over 5 million copes of Flowers for Algernon by 2004.

103) Garth Nix (5 million)
Garth Nix has sold more than 5 million copies of his SF and fantasy works, including the Old Kingdom and Keys to the Kingdom series.

104) Robert R. McCammon (5 million)
A veteran of the early 1980s horror boom, Robert McCammon has sold 5 million copies of his horror and fantasy novels.

105) Vonda N. McIntyre (5 million)
Vonda McIntyre has sold more than 5 million copies of her novels, which consist of both original work and a number of Star Trek novels. In Star Trek circles she is famous for creating Mr. Sulu's first name for her books, which was later adopted by the films.

106) Sergei Lukyanenko (5 million+)
Sergei Lukyanenko has sold well over 2 million copies of his Night Watch books in Russia alone and 3 million outside it. His sales have been buoyed up by two movie adaptations of his work.

107) Michael Jan Friedman (5 million+)
Michael Jan Friedman is a top-selling tie-in author, noted for his Star Trek novels which were massive sellers back in the 1990s.

108) Kami Garcia (5 million+)
Garcia is the co-author of The Caster Chronicles.

109) Margaret Stohl (5 million+)
Stohl is the co-author of The Caster Chronicles.

110) Kiera Cass (5 million+)
Kiera Cass is the author of The Selection, a dystopian YA novel, and its forthcoming sequels.

111) Markus Heitz (4.6 million+)
Markus Heitz has sold more than a four million copies of his popular Dwarves series, which has been a bestseller in Germany and done well in English translation. A video game based in the series is in production.

112) Frank Schätzing (4.2 million+)
Frank Schätzing has sold 3.8 million copies of his 2004 SF novel The Swarm. A later SF novel, Limit, has sold almost half a million copies.

113) Fritz Leiber (4 million+)
Fritz Leiber, a pioneer of swords and sorcery, had sold almost 4 million copies of his Fafhrd and Gray Mouser novels and short stories by 1988 alone, and likely far more since then.

114) Lian Hearn (4 million)
Lian Hearn has sold more than 4 million copies of her Tales of the Otori sequence 

115) David Drake (4 million)
David Drake has sold more than 4 million copies of his various SF and fantasy series.

116) Tamora Pierce (4 million+)
Tamora Pierce is the author of numerous YA fantasy novels, including the Song of the Lioness series and its numerous sequels.

117) Max Brooks (4 million+)
Following the success of the World War Z movie, Max Brooks has now sold over 4 million copies of that novel and its companion piece, The Zombie Survival Guide.

118) Scott Westerfield (4 million+)
Scott Westerfield has sold more than 3 million copies of his Uglies series alone.

119) David Mitchell (4 million+)
David Mitchell has sold over a million copies of his novel Cloud Atlas alone

120) Mary Janice Davidson (4 million+)
Mary Janice Davidson is the author of the Undead series.

121) Janet Morris (4 million+)
Janet Morris is the author of The Silistra Quartet.

122) Ursula K. Le Guin (4 million+ )
More than three million copies alone of the Earthsea series have been sold and another million for The Left Hand of Darkness, with Le Guin's many other works likely adding a lot to that. 

123) Deborah Harkness (3.5 million+)
Deborah Harkness has sold 3.5 million copies of A Discovery of Witches and Shadow of Night combined in the US alone.

124) Jeanne DuPrau (3.5 million+)
Jeanne DuPrau is the author of the City of Ember novels.

125) John Ringo (3.3 million)
John Ringo is a successful author of American military SF.

126) Aaron Allston (3.3 million+)
The late Aaron Allston has sold more than 3.3 million copies of his Star Wars novels (including the popular X-Wing series).

127) Ally Condie (3.3. million+)
Ally Condie is the author of the Matched YA dystopia series.

128) Robin Hobb (3 million+)
Another outdated figure, based on her 2 million sales for Bantam and another million or so in the UK and Commonwealth territories. Counting the several novels published since and her successful work as Megan Lindholm, the true figure is likely to be much higher than this. Hobb is the author of the Realm of the Elderlings mega-sequence, which consists of the sub-series The Farseer Trilogy, The Liveship Traders, The Tawny Man, The Rain Wild Chronicles and Fitz and the Fool.

129) Peter F. Hamilton (3 million+)
The above figure is from 2004 plus the recent revelation he has sold over half a million copies of the seven-volume Commonwealth mega-series alone in the USA, so it's likely to be extremely inaccurate. Hamilton may have well sold several times this amount. Hamilton remains the UK's biggest-selling SF author, and his US profile has grown significantly in the last decade as well. As well as the Commonwealth universe, which spans the Commonwealth Saga, Void Trilogy and Chronicle of the Fallers duology, his other works include the Night's Dawn Trilogy and several related books.

130) Alan Dean Foster (3 million+)
Alan Dean Foster is both a prolific solo novelist (such as with the Spellsinger and Commonwealth series) and a writer of movie tie-ins (including the Star Wars and Aliens franchises). This 3 million figure is likely highly conservative, given his novelisation of the first Star Wars movie sold hundreds of thousands of copies even before the film even came out in 1977.

131) Guy Gavriel Kay (3 million)
Kay has sold more than 3 million copies of his dozen novels. Recent sales seem to be up, presumably driven by the popular success of Under Heaven, River of Stars and Children of Earth and Sky. He also assisted on the editing of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Silmarillion.

132) Lloyd Alexander (3 million)
Alexander has sold more than 3 million copies of The Chronicles of Prydain by itself.

133) Dan Abnett (3 million+)
Dan Abnett is one of the most prolific and popular authors in the Warhammer 40,000 science fantasy universe, selling a million copies in that setting by himself as of a few years ago. Strong sales since then, particularly the rising popularity of the setting in the United States, has tripled that amount. He has also worked extensively in comics and recently published his first two original-setting novels.

134) Joe Abercrombie (3 million)
Joe Abercrombie has sold over 3 million copies of his books in ten years, which is very steady progress. His work includes the First Law Trilogy and several stand-alone sequels, and the recent YA (ish) Shattered Sea trilogy. He is now working on a new trilogy in the First Law world.

135) Margaret Atwood (3 million+) (SF only)
The Handmaid's Tale has sold 2 million copies and Oryx and Crake and Year of the Flood combined another 1 million, putting Atwood's SF work at 3 million sales. Her total sales, including her non-SF, are likely considerably higher.

136) Robert Silverberg (3 million+)
Robert Silverberg is one of the grand masters of SF, with dozens of novels and collections published over a very lengthy career. Reported figures of 3 million seem rather low for an author of his popularity and longevity, and may be conservative. His best-known works are Dying Inside, Roma Eterna and The Majipoor Chronicles series.

137) Eric Flint (3 million)
Eric Flint is a writer and editor for Baen Books and is best-known for his 1632 series of alternate history novels.

138) Robert Asprin (3 million)
Robert Asprin has sold 3 million copies of his Myth series.

139) Rick Hautala (3 million)
The late Rick Hautala was a veteran of the early 1980s horror boom, selling more than a million copies of his third novel, Night Stone, by itself.

140) Brian Lumley (3 million+)
Brian Lumley's Necroscope has sold over 3 million copies by itself.

141) Neal Stephenson (3 million+)
Neal Stephenson has sold over 3 million copies of his novels, including Snow Crash, The Diamond Age, Anathem, Cryptonomicon, REAMde, Seveneves and The Baroque Trilogy.

142) Rachel Caine (3 million+)
Rachel Caine is the prolific author of the Weather Warden and Morganville Vampires series, among many others under multiple pseudonyms.

143) Bernhard Hennen (3 million+)
German fantasy author Bernhard Hennen has sold 3 million copies of his Elves series.

144) L.E. Modesitt, Jr. (3 million+)
L.E. Modesitt, Jr. has sold more than a million copies of his Recluce series in paperback alone. This does not include his numerous other books, or the hardcover sales of Recluce, which appear to add another million to the total.

145) Brent Weeks (3 million)
Relative newcomer Brent Weeks has sold more than 3 million copies of his debut Night Angel Trilogy and his current Lightbringer series.

146) Andy Weir (3 million+)
Andy Weir has sold more than three million copies of his novel The Martian, recently adapted as a very fine movie by Ridley Scott.

147) Joseph Delaney (3 million+)
Joseph Delaney is the author of the Spook's Stories series.

148) Melissa de la Cruz (3 million+)
Melissa de la Cruz is the author of the Blue Bloods series.

149) Ed Greenwood (3 million+)
Ed Greenwood is the creator of the Forgotten Realms fantasy world, the biggest-selling and most popular shared fantasy world ever created (R.A. Salvatore, Paul Kemp and several other massive-selling authors on this list also work in that milieu). He has sold 1 million copies of his debut novel, Spellfire, alone. Sales of his many later novels would amount to a great deal more than this.

150) Hugh Howey (3 million+)
Howey has sold more than two million copies of his Wool series of post-apocalyptic books.

151) Sarah J. Maas (3 million+)
Mass is of the author of the Throne of Glass series.

152) Simon R. Green (2.7 million)
Simon R. Green has sold over 2.7 million copies of his Nightside and Deathstalker series, amongst other works. 

153) Kim Stanley Robinson (2.5 million+)
Kim Stanley Robinson has sold over 2.5 million copies of his Mars, Orange County and Science in the Capital series, alongside numerous stand-alone novels including 2312, Shaman, Aurora, The Years of Rice and Salt and Antarctica.

154) Harry Turtledove (2.5 million)
The prolific alternate-history author has written dozens of novels and sold more than 2.5 million copies. I have also not been able to find updated figures since 2008, so he's likely sold more than this by now.

155) S.M. Stirling (2.5 million)
S.M. Stirling has sold more than a two and a half million copies of his Emberverse novels, of which the most famous is Dies the Fire.

156) Michelle Paver (2.5 million+)
Michelle Paver has sold more than two and a half million copies of her Chronicles of Ancient Darkness series, which began with Wolf Brother.

157) Lois McMaster Bujold (2.5 million)
Lois McMaster Bujold has sold more than 2.5 million copies of her SF and fantasy novels, most notably the popular Vorkosigan Saga. This lowly figure for the most critically-feted living American SF author may be a result of a much lower profile internationally.

158) Kim Harrison (2.5 million+)
Kim Harrison has sold over 2.5 million copies of the Hollows series.

159) Andreas Eschbach (2.5 million+)
Andreas Eschbach is a German author of science fiction. He has sold over 2.5 million copies of his novel Jesus Video alone.

160) Susan Cooper (2 million+)
Susan Cooper has sold more than 2 million copies of her The Dark is Rising sequence.

161) Hans Domink (2 million+)
German SF pioneer Hans Dominik had more than 2 million books in print by 1944 alone, so again the true figure is likely higher.

162) Andrzej Sapkowski (2 million+)
Andrzej Sapkowski has sold more than two million copies of his books, dominated by sales of the fantasy Witcher series, in Poland alone. His worldwide sales are likely significantly higher, given the immense success of the three Witcher video games from CD Projekt Red (which have sold almost 20 million copies between them).

163) Katherine Kurtz (2 million)
Katherine Kurtz has sold more than 2 million copies of her pioneering Deryni saga. 

164) Trudi Canavan (2 million+)
Trudi Canavan sold her one millionth book for Orbit in 2011 and has doubled those sales since then.

165) Stephen Lawhead (2 million+)
Stephen Lawheard is the author of both outright fantasy novels and Guy Gavriel Kay-style alternate/fantastical histories.

166) Robert Rankin (2 million+)
Robert Rankin has sold 'millions' of copies of his comic fantasy and SF novels.

167) Maggie Stiefvater (2 million+)
Maggie Stiefvater has sold more than 2 million copies of her urban fantasy novels, including the Books of Faerie and Shiver series.

168) Gregory Benford (2 million+)
Gegory Benford has sold 'millions' of copies of Timescape by itself. The rest of his work, such as the Galactica Center series, would extend this total considerably.

169) Greg Bear (2 million+)
Greg Bear has sold 'millions' of his novels, having both high-selling original SF work (such as the Thistledown or Eon trilogy, Blood Music and Moving Mars) and also writing Star Wars and Halo tie-in novels.

170) Jacqueline Carey (2 million+)
Jacequeline Carey has sold 'millions' of copies of her books, including the Kushiel series and the Sundering duology.

171) Piers Anthony (2 million+)
Piers Anthony has sold a million copies of the first Xanth novel by itself, so this total figure maybe a little low. However, 2009 PR info for the series did say it has sold just over 2 million copies by itself. Anthony has also written numerous other books and series, so his true sales are likely higher than this, although his profile has dipped considerably in recent years.

172) David Gemmell (2 million+)
David Gemmell has sold over 1 million copies of his books in the UK alone, with worldwide sales doubling that. Given his prolific career, the late David Gemmell's sales figures may appear to be disappointing. This may be down to Gemmell's lack of profile in the United States.

173) Justin Cronin (2 million+)
Justin Cronin has sold 'millions' of copies of his post-apocalyptic novels The Passage and The Twelve. The recently-published City of Mirrors will increase this figure notably.

174) Kevin Crossley-Holland (2 million+)
Kevin Crossley-Holland has sold over 2 million copies of his popular Arthur Trilogy for younger readers.

175) Becca Fitzpatrick (2 million+)
Becca Fitzpatrick has sold over 2 million copies of The Hush, Hush Saga (which appears to basically be "Twilight with fallen angels").

176) Kai Meyer (2 million+)
Kai Meyer is a German author of fantasy novels.

177) Marie Lu (2 million+)
Marie Lu has sold over 2 million copies of her Legends trilogy and Young Elites series.

178) Brian Daley (2 million+)
The late Brian Daley has sold over 2 million copies of his Star Wars novels revolving around Han Solo and Lando Calrissian, plus many more of his Robotech novels written with James Luceno under the pen name "Jack McKinney".

179) Jack Williamson (2 million+)
Jack Williamson (1908-2006) was one of the grand old figures of American SF, publishing regularly from the 1930s onwards, sometimes in collaboration with Frederik Pohl.

180) Jack Campbell (2 million+)
Jack Campbell has sold over 2 million copies of his Lost Fleet series of SF novels.

181) Cinda Williams Chima (2 million+)
Cinda Williams Chima has sold over 2 million copies of the Seven Realms and Shattered Realms series.

182) Dave Wolverton (2 million+)
Also known as David Farland, Wolverton has sold over 2 million copies of his Star Wars novels and his Runelords fantasy series, with over 100,000 sales in the UK alone.

183) Laura Gallego Garcia (2 million+)
Laura Garcia has sold more than 2 million copies of her books in her native Spain alone.

184) Kerstin Gier (2 million+)
Kerstin Gier is a German writer of YA fantasy. Her best-known work is the Ruby Red series.

185) H.P. Lovecraft (2 million+)
H.P. Lovecraft is one of the most famous authors of supernatural horror of all time. His total sales are incalculable, but the only official figures put them in "millions". Expect the real figure to be vastly more than this.

186) Lev Grossman (2 million+)
Lev Grossman has sold over 2 million copies of his Magicians series, bolstered by the recent TV adaptation.

187) Kelley Armstrong (2 million+)
A prolific urban/dark fantasy author, Armstrong had sold more than 1 million copies of her books by 2011.

188) Dmitry Glukhovsky (2 million+)
Russian SF author Dmitry Gluhovsky is the author of the Metro series, starting with Metro 2033, which has also been adapted as a series of highly popular video games.

189) Sara Douglass (2 million+)
The late Australian fantasy author Sara Douglass was the author of the Axis and Wayfarer Redemption trilogies.

190) Rick Yancey (2 million)
Yancey is the author of the YA alien invasion novel The Fifth Wave and its sequels.

191) A.G. Riddle (2 million+)
A.G. Riddle is the author of The Origin Mystery series.

192) Blake Crouch (2 million+)
Blake Crouch is the author of the Wayward Pines trilogy, recently bolstered by the TV series of the same name.

193) Melanie Rawn (1.8 million+)
Melanie Rawn had sold 1.8 million books by 1998 alone. Her later sales may be considerably higher, although her popularity and profile seem to have dimmed in recent years (her Spellbinder series was recently abandoned due to poor sales). Fans remain eager for the concluding volume of her Exiles Trilogy.

194) Jennifer Roberson (1.7 million)
Jennifer Roberson has sold 1.7 million copies of her books published by DAW.

195) Alexander Kroger (1.65 million+)
A German SFF author, frequently published under the pen-name Helmut Routschek, Alexander Kroger has sold over 1.65 million copies of his work.

196) Carlos Rasch (1.5 million+)
A well-known figure in his native east Germany, Carlos Rasch has sold over a million and a half copies of his SF novels.

197) Elizabeth Moon (1.5 million+)
Elizabeth Moon has sold 100,000 copies in the Baen Books omnibus version of the Deed of Paksenarrion trilogy alone. The Paksenarrion series as a whole has sold more than 1 million copies across all formats worldwide, and her total sales in the US alone are 1.5 million.

198) Susanna Clarke (1.5 million+)
Susanna Clarke sold more than a million copies of her novel Jonathan Strange and Mr. Norrell in its first year on sale alone, with an additional half million sales following in the UK alone. Total sales figures by now, almost a decade on and following a successful BBC mini-series, must be considerably higher.
199) Libba Bray (1.5 million+)
Libba Bray is the author of the YA Gemma Doyle trilogy. 

200) Heather Brewer (1.5 million+)
Heather Brewer is the author of The Chronicles of Vladimir Tod and its spin-off series, The Slayer Chronicles.

201) Amanda Hocking (1.5 million+)
Amanda Hocking is the author of the Trylle series.

202) Seth Grahame-Smith (1.4 million)
Seth Graheme-Smith has sold one and a half million copies of his horror novels with a tinge of comedy, Pride and Prejudice and Zombies and Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter.

203) Dan Simmons (1.25 million+)
Dan Simmons has sold more than a million copies of his novel Hyperion by itself. Combined with its three sequels and his many other bestselling novels, his total sales figures will likely be several times this amount. The Terror has also sold more than a quarter-million copies worldwide.

204) Stan Nicholls (1.25 million+)
Stan Nicholls had sold 1.25 million copies of his Orcs series worldwide by 2010.

205) Naomi Novik (1.2 million+)
Naomi Novik has sold 1 million paper copies of her Temeraire series and almost 200,000 ebooks.

206) Tanya Huff (1.2 million+)
Tanya Huff is the author of numerous novels, including the Blood Books series which the TV series Blood Ties was based on. 

207) Iain M. Banks (1.1 million)+ (SF only)
The late Iain M. Banks sold 1.1 million copies of his science fiction work (mostly set in the Culture universe) in the UK before his tragic passing. Banks's SF accounted only for a small fraction of his sales; when combined with his mainstream fiction and non-UK SF sales, he likely sold at least four or five times this amount. His controversial non-SF debut The Wasp Factory has sold over a million copies in the UK by itself, or almost as much as all his SF combined.

208) Joe Hill (1 million+)
Joe Hill is the author of Locke and Key, NOS4A2, Heart-Shaped Box and Horns.

209) Liu Cixin (1 million+)
Liu Cixin's trilogy starting with The Three-Body Problem has sold over a million copies in China alone.

210) Samuel R. Delany (1 million+)
SF legend Samuel R. Delany has sold more than a million copies of Dhalgren by itself. His total sales will be notably higher than this.

211) Mark Lawrence (1.1 million)
Mark Lawrence has been a big success story, shifting over a million copies of his Broken Empire and Red Queen's War trilogies in just under six years.

212) William Goldman (1 million+)
William Goldman has sold over 1 million copies of The Princess Bride by itself.

213) Paul S. Kemp (1 million+)
Paul Kemp has sold more than a million copies worldwide of his Forgotten Realms novels featuring Erevis Cale, servant of the god Mask, and also his own original fantasy series. His recent Star Wars novels will likely push this figure up considerably.

214) Connie Willis (1 million)
Best known for her time travel novels such as Doomsday Book and To Say Nothing of the Dog, Willis has sold just under 1 million copies of her books.

215) Steven Erikson (1 million+)
Erikson's publishers announced that his Malazan Book of the Fallen sequence had sold 1 million copies worldwide with the publication of The Crippled God. With another book published since then and sales of the older books growing, it's likely rather more than this. Sales for Ian Esslemont's Malazane Empire sequence are not available at present.

216) Alastair Reynolds (1 million+)
Alastair Reynolds has sold more than 1 million SF novels worldwide, hence his impressive £1 million, ten-book deal from a few years ago. His-best known work remains the Revelation Space series.

217) Jasper Fforde (1 million+)
Jasper Fforde is the author of the Thursday Next series. 

218) Ian Irvine (1 million+)
Ian Irvine has sold more than a million copies of his fantasy novels set on Santhenar. 

219) Richard A. Knaak (1 million+)
Richard A. Knaak is a noted tie-in author, writing books set in the Conan, WarCraft and Dragonlance universes.

220) Katherine Kerr (1 million+)
Katherine Kerr is the author of numerous SF and fantasy novels and is most famous for her Deverry series. 

221) Dave Duncan (1 million+)
Dave Duncan had sold a million books by 1999.

222) A.C. Crispin (1 million+)
The late A.C. Crispin was noted for her tie-in works. One of these, the novelisation of the 1984 mini-series V, has sold more than a million copies by itself. 

223) Joe Haldeman (1 million+)
Joe Haldeman has sold more than a million copies of The Forever War by itself.

224) Glen Cook (1 million+)
Glen Cook has sold more than a million copies of his novels, the best-known of which is the Black Company series.

225) David Brin (1 million+)
David Brin has sold more than a million copies of his Uplift Saga alone. With his many other bestsellers, his total figure will be much higher.

226) Henry N. Beard (1 million+)
Henry N. Beard's 1969 satirical novel, Bored of the Rings, written with Douglas C. Kenney, is itself a long-running, steady seller.

227) Douglas C. Kenney (1 million+)
Douglas C. Kenney is the co-author of Bored of the Rings with Henry N. Beard.

228) Alexey Pehov (1 million+)
Alexey Pehov has sold more than a million copies of his Chronicles of Siala (which starts with Shadow Prowler) series.

229) John Gregory Betancourt (1 million+)
John Gregory Betancourt has sold over a million books, including both his own works and Star Trek tie-ins, as well as a controversial Chronicles of Amber prequel series.

230) Jo Clayton (1 million+)
Jo Clayton was the author of the Wild Magic and Drum series.

231) Christie Golden (1 million+)
Christie Golden has written her own novels, but is better-known as a prolific tie-in author. She has written novels in the Ravenloft, Star Trek, StarCraft and WarCraft settings, amongst others.

232) Dennis L. McKiernan (1 million+)
Dennis L. McKiernan has sold over one million copies of his Iron Tower series of fantasy novels.

233) Drew Karpyshyn (1 million+)
Drew Karpyshyn has sold more than a million copies of his novels, most of which are tie-ins with the Star Wars universe and other franchises. However, Karpyshyn is also a noteworthy writer of video games, contributing to the Baldur's Gate series, Star Wars: Knight of the Old Republic and Jade Empire. His biggest claim to fame is being the co-creator of the Mass Effect fictional universe, penning several novels and comics set there and establishing the overall storyline for the three video games. He worked heavily on the first two games in the series and then on the online roleplaying game Star Wars: The Old Republic (the work of the writers on Mass Effect 3, who deivated from the direction Karpyshyn had established from the series, has been criticised). More than 10 million copies of video games that Karpyshyn has worked on have been sold.

234) Karen Miller (1 million+)
Karen Miller (also writing as K.E. Miller) is the author of the Kingmaker, Kingbreaker series of fantasy novels.

235) Elizabeth Haydon (1 million+)
Elizabeth Haydon has sold over a million copies of her Symphony of the Ages series.

236) Tim Powers (1 million+)
Tim Powers is a critically-acclaimed author of SF and historical fantasy. His best-known book remains On Stranger Tides.

237) Walter Moers (1 million+)
German fantasy author Walter Moers is the author of the Zamonia sequence.

238) Dacre Stoker (1 million+)
The great grand-nephew of Bram Stoker, Dacre Stoker is the author of Dracula: The Un-Dead, which has sold over a million copies worldwide.

239) Laini Taylor (1 million+)
Taylor is the author of the Daughter of Smoke and Bone trilogy.

240) Kazuo Ishiguro (1 million+) (SF only)
British literary figure Kazuo Ishiguro has sold over 1 million copies of his most overt SF novel, Never Let Me Go. Sales figures for his first fantasy novel, The Buried Giant, are not yet available.

241) Peter V. Brett (1 million+)
Peter Brett is closing down on a million sales of the first three books in his Demon Cycle.

242) Ernest Cline (1 million+)
Ernest Cline has sold over a million copies of his novel Ready Player One by itself. Armada will have added additional sales to that total. Expect sales to grow when the Steven Spielberg movie adaptation is released in 2018.

243) Victoria Aveyard (1 million+)
Victoria Aveyard is the author of the Red Queen series.

244) Julie Kagawa (1 million+)
Julie Kagawa has sold over 200,000 copies of her Iron Fey series.

245) Ben Aaronovitch (1 million+)
Ben Aaronovitch has sold over a million copies of his Rivers of London series.

246) Melissa Marr (1 million+)
Melissa Marr is the author of the Wicked Lovely series.

247) Kevin Hearne (1 million+)
Hearne is the author of the Iron Druids Chronicles fantasy series. 

248) Kenneth Oppel (1 million+)
Kenneth Oppel is the author of the Silverwing trilogy.

249) Richard Matheson (1 million+)
Richard Matheson sold over 1 million copies of his famous novel I Am Legend by itself.

250) Guillermo Del Toro & Chuck Hogan (1 million+)
Del Toro and Chuck Hogan's Strain Trilogy, recently adapted to television, has sold over a million copies.

251) Erin Morgenstern (1 million+)
Erin Morgenstern has sold 650,000 copies of her novel, The Night Circus

252) Anne Bishop (1 million+)
Anne Bishop is the author of the Black Jewels Trilogy.

253) William F. Nolan (1 million+)
William Nolan is best-known for his classic SF novel Logan's Run.

254) C.C. Hunter (1 million+)
C.C. Hunter is the author of the Shadow Falls paranormal series.

255) David Alan Mack (1 million+)
David Allan Mack is a prolific Star Trek tie-in writer, having sold more than a million copies of his Star Trek novels. He has also written two episodes of Deep Space Nine and contributed to Star Trek video games. 

256) Kristin Cashore (1 million+)
Kristin Cashore has sold over 350,000 copies of her Graceling series in the UK alone and over 1 million worldwide.

257) Octavia Butler (1 million+)
One of the most famous SFF authors of all time, Octavia Butler has sold half a million copies of her novel Kindred by itself and more than a million of all her work.
258) Michael J. Sullivan (850,000+)
Michael J. Sullivan took the step of self-publishing his Riyria Revelations fantasy series before it was snapped up by a traditional publisher. This fanbase has propelled him to healthy sales.

259) Jay Allan (800,000+)
Jay Allan is the author of the Crimson Worlds series.

260) Chris Wooding (750,000+)
Chris Wooding has been making a name for himself as an adult fantasy author with his Braided Path and Tales of the Ketty Jay series, but his initial success has come from his highly popular YA books, which have sold very well in the United States. This figure is from the UK and USA alone, so total sales may be higher.

261) William King (750,000+)
William King has sold three-quarters of a million novels for the Black Library.

262) William Forstchen (750,000+)
William Forstchen is an author of alternative history, military fantasy and science fiction.

263) Alison Croggon (750,000+)
Alison Croggon has sold more than 750,000 copies of her Books of Pellinor fantasy series.

264) Lilith Saintcrown (675,000+)
Lilith Saintcrow is the author of numerous urban fantasy, historical fantasy and steampunk novels. She is best known for the Watcher, Society, Dante Valentine and Bannon and Clare series.

265) Rachel Ward (650,000+)
Rachel Ward is the author of the Numbers SF series.

266) Michael Peinkofer (600,000+)
German author Michael Peinkofer has sold over 600,000 copies of his Orcs series.

267) Gail Z. Martin (600,000+)
Gail Z. Martin is the author of the Chronicles of the Necromancer and Fallen Kings series.

268) Charlie Higson (600,000+)
Charlie Higson is a British comedian, actor and TV personality, best-known for his work on The Fast Show. He is also a successful YA SF author, having recently completed the seven-volume, post-apocalyptic Enemy series.

269) M.R. Carey (600,000+)
M.R. Carey has sold over 200,000 copies of his novel The Girl With All the Gifts by itself (which was recently made into a movie), with more sales coming from his Felix Castor series.

270) Kate Elliott (500,000+)
An old and certainly incorrect figure, Kate Elliott is listed as having sold half a million copies of her Crown of Stars series. With her many other series, she has certainly sold far more than this.

271) Scott Lynch (500,000+) 
Scott Lynch has sold half a million copies of The Lies of Locke Lamora alone, over 300,000 copies of which were in the UK.

272) Janny Wurts (500,000+)
Janny Wurts has sold more than half a million copies of her Wars of Light and Shadow series worldwide. Her other solo novels and in particular her popular collaborations with Raymond E. Feist have likely raised the total figure to a considerably higher level.

273) Michael Gerber (500,000+)
Michael Gerber has sold half a million copies of his Barry Trotter parody novels.

274) David Dalglish (500,000+)
The Shadowdance series has sold 500,000 copies to date.

275) Daniel Abraham (500,000+)
As one half of the gestalt writing entity James S.A. Corey, Daniel Abraham has sold half a million copies of space opera series The Expanse (now a major TV show!). Combined with sales of his solo fantasy work (the excellent Long Price Quartet and The Dagger and the Coin series), he must be a fair way above this.

276) Ty Franck (500,000+)
As the other half of two-headed writing entity James S.A. Corey, Ty Franck has sold half a million copies of The Expanse.

277) Jeaniene Frost (500,000+)
Jeaniene Frost is a highly successful paranormal romance writer, best-known for her Night Huntress series, which has sold 500,000 copies in Germany alone.

278) Patricia Briggs (500,000+)
Patricia Briggs is the bestselling author of the Mercy Thompson series. Given its international bestselling status since 1993, it has likely sold several million copies. However, the only figures I can find are 500,000 in Germany alone. The total figure will be considerably higher.

279) Gail Carriger (500,000)
Carriger is the author of The Parasol Protectorate series.

280) Anthony Ryan (500,000+)
Anthony Ryan has sold over 200,000 copies of his debut novel, Blood Song, in its mass-market edition alone. With three more books published since then, his total figures will now be higher. Ryan sold 40,000 self-published ebook copies of Blood Song before it was picked up by a professional publisher.

281) Sharon Lee (500,000+)
Sharon Lee is the co-author of the Liaden Universe series.

282) Steve Miller (500,000+)
Steve Miller is the co-author of the Liaden Universe series.

283) Daniel Arenson (500,000+)
Daniel Arenson is the author of the Earthrise, Requiem, Moth, Alien Hunters and Kingdoms of Sand series.

284) James Lowder (500,000+)
James Lowder was a writer and editor at TSR, Inc., working on Dungeons and Dragons-related materials. His biggest sellers are the Dragonlance novel Knight of the Black Rose and the Forgotten Realms novel Prince of Lies, which have sold close to 300,000 copies between them in the English language alone. His total sales were 500,000 in English by 2005, not counting translations or the numerous anthologies he has edited.

285) Tom Holt (450,000+)
Tom Holt is an British comic SF and fantasy author. He has sold over 450,000 books. This does not include the books sold under his pen-name K.J. Parker, by which he is better known in the US.

286) Hugh Cook (450,000+)
Hugh Cook has sold over 450,000 copies of his offbeat ten-volume Chronicles of an Age of Darkness series. 

287) Lawrence Watt-Evans (400,000+)
Lawrence Watt-Evans (who also writes as Nathan Archer) has sold over 400,000 copies of his Ethshar SF series.

288) Michael G. Manning (400,000)
Michael G. Manning is the author of the Mageborn series.

289) Henri Lœvenbruck (400,000+)
Henri Lœvenbruck is a French fantasy author.

290) John Scalzi (370,000+)
Popular SF author John Scalzi has sold "hundreds of thousands of copies" of Old Man's War by itself, over 88,000 copies of Lock In in its first year and 80,000 copies of Redshirts in its first year. That's three out of over a dozen novels, with Tor reporting that Scalzi sells "five figures a month" in backlist, so his total figure will be several times this figure (by now, probably easily in the low millions).

291) Lynn Flewelling (350,000)
Lynn Flewelling has sold 350,000 copies of her six-volume Nightrunner series.

292) Christoph Hardebusch (350,000+)
German author Christoph Hardebusch has sold over 350,000 copies of his Trolls series.

293) G.A. Aiken (350,000+)
G.A. Aiken, who also writes as Shelly Laurentson, is a leading writer in the fantasy romance genre, particularly about shape-changing animals and dragons. She has sold over 350,000 copies in Germany and considerably more worldwide.

294) Richard Schwartz (320,000+)
German author Richard Schwartz has sold over 320,000 copies of several fantasy series.

295) Mark Smith (300,000+)
Mark Smith (not the lead singer of The Fall) is part of a husband-and-wife writing team, better known for publishing under the pseudoynms Jonathan Wylie (the Ice Mage books) and Julia Gray (the Guardian Cycle).

296) Julia Smith (300,000+) 
Julia Smith is part of a husband-and-wife writing team, better known for publishing under the pseudoynms Jonathan Wylie (the Ice Mage books) and Julia Gray (the Guardian Cycle).

297) George Saunders (300,000+)
George Saunders has sold almost a third of a million copies of his novel, Tenth of December, by itself.

298) Sara Prineas (300,000+)
Sarah Prineas has sold over 300,000 copies of The Magic Thief in the United Stats alone.

299) Seanan McGuire (300,000+)
Seanan McGuire has sold over 300,000 novels published under her name and the pseudonym Mira Grant, most notably the Newsflesh series.

300) Anne Leckie (300,000+)
Anne Leckie has sold over 300,000 copies of her Ancillary Justice trilogy.

301) Catherine Webb (300,000+)
Catherine Webb writes multiple series under different pseudonyms, including Kate Griffin (for urban fantasy) and Claire North (for science fiction).

302) Pierce Brown (275,000+)
Pierce Brown is the author of the Red Rising trilogy.

303) Pierre Grimbert (260,000+)
French fantasy author Pierre Grimbert has sold over 260,000 copies of his fantasy works in Germany by itself.

304) J.V. Jones (250,000+)
One of the oldest figures on the list, Jones had sold 250,000 copies of The Book of Words trilogy and The Barbed Coil by 1999. Her sales since then must have pushed this total considerably higher, but have likely tailed off since her last book was published in 2010, with no updates on the progress of the last two Sword of Shadows books since then.

305) Royce Buckingham (250,000+)
Royce Buckingham is an Amerian fantasy author, best-known for his Demonkeeper and Mapper series. A minor figure in the USA, most of his success has come from his German sales.

306) Maggie Furey (250,000+)
Maggie Furey is the author of The Artefacts of Power and Xandim series.

307) Samantha Shannon (250,000+)
Samantha Shannon is the author of The Bone Season.

308) Lauren DeStefano (250,000+)
Lauren DeStefano is the author of the Chemical Garden series and Internment Chronicles.

309) Karen Russell (210,000+)
Karen Russell has sold over 180,000 copies of Swamplandia! in paperback and 30,000 in hardcover.

310) James Barclay (200,000+)
James Barclay has sold more than 200,000 copies of his Raven and Ascendants of Estorea series in the UK alone. 

311) R. Scott Bakker (200,000+)
According to Overlook Books' PR copy for The White Luck Warrior, Bakker's four previous fantasy novels have sold over 125,000 copies for them. For a small American publishing house, that's decent. This figure also does not include Bakker's Canadian sales from Penguin or British/Commonwealth sales from Orbit (and Orbit report that they are very happy with Bakker's performance for them), or American sales from fans opting for one of the other editions. On this basis, the 125,000 figure should be taken as being at the lower end of sales. Bakker has also said his books have sold 'hundreds of thousands' of copies in total. A Canadian media report that his novels have sold over 1 million copies does seem a bit on the high end, however. Bakker is the author of the Second Apocalypse mega-sequence, comprising The Prince of Nothing trilogy and The Aspect-Emperor quartet, which will conclude with next year's The Unholy Consult.

312) Paolo Bacigalupi (200,000+)
The Windup Girl has sold more than 200,000 copies to date.

313) Jaye Wells (200,000+)
Jaye Wells is the author of the Sabina Kane series.

314) Lauren Oliver (200,000+)
Lauren Oliver is the author of the Delirium YA dystopia series.

315) James Lovegrove (200,000+)
James Lovegrove has sold more than 100,000 copies of his Pantheon series by itself.

316) Daniel H. Wilson (160,000+)
Daniel H. Wilson has sold over 160,000 copies of his novel Robopocalypse by itself.

317) Jennifer Estep (160,000+)
Jennifer Estep is the author of the Mythos Academy series, which has sold over 160,000 copies in Germany alone.

318) Richard Morgan (150,000+)
Richard Morgan has 150,000 copies of his SF and fantasy novels in print in the UK alone. His worldwide sales will be considerably higher. Expect his sales to shoot up once the Altered Carbon TV show hits Netflix in late 2017. His works comprise the Takeshi Kovacs cyberpunk/military SF trilogy, the distantly-related Land Fit For Heroes fantasy trilogy and several solo SF novels, including Black Man and Market Forces.

319) Jeff VanderMeer (150,000+)
Jeff VanderMeer has sold over 150,000 copies of his Southern Reach series. With his many other books added, his true sales are much higher than this.

320) Adam Roberts (150,000+)
Adam Roberts has sold more than 150,000 copies of his Tolkien pastiche The Soddit by itself. Combined with his many other books, his total figure is likely much higher.

321) Glen Duncan (150,000+)
Glen Duncan has sold more than 150,000 copies of his novel The Last Werewolf by itself.

322) Brian McClellan (150,000+)
Brian McClellan is the author of The Powder Mage Trilogy.

323) Glenda Larke (135,000+)
Glenda Larke has sold more than 135,000 copies of her Stormlords Trilogy alone, not counting her other books. 

324) Emily St. John Mandel (134,000+)
Emily St. John Mandel is the author of Station Eleven.

325) Benedict Jacka (130,000+)
Benedict Jacka is the author of the Alex Verus series.

326) Hannu Rajaniemi (100,000+)
Hanni Rajaniemi has sold over 100,000 copies of his SF novels The Quantum Thief, The Fractal Prince and The Causal Angel.

327) Juliet Marillier (100,000+)_
Juliet Marillier has sold over 100,000 copies of the Sevenwaters series in Australia alone.

328) Cecilia Dart-Thornton (100,000+)
Cecilia Dart-Thornton is the author of the Bitterbynde series, which has sold over 100,000 copies in Australia alone.

329) James Islington (100,000)
James Islington has sold over 100,000 copies of his self-published fantasy debut, The Shadow of What Was Lost.

330) Vaughn Heppner (100,000+)
Vaughn Heppner is the author of the Doom Star series.

331) Cherie Priest (100,000+)
Cherie Priest is the author of The Clockwork Century series, among other works.

332) Sally Green (100,000+)
Sally Green is the author of Half Bad.

333) Will Wight (75,000+)
Self-published fantasy author has sold over 75,000 copies of his books, The Traveller's Gate Trilogy and Elder Empire series.

334) Tom Lloyd (75,000)
The Twilight Reign
series had sold 70,000 copies by 2011.

335) Tim C. Taylor (75,000+)
Tim C. Taylor is the author of The Reality War series.

336) Michael Cobley (70,000+)
Orbit SF author Michael Cobley has sold over 70,000 copies of his novels in ebook alone. The total figure will be significantly higher.

337) Russell Kirkpatrick (70,000+)
Russell Kirkpatrick had sold 70,000 copies of the Orbit editions of his map-heavy Fires of Heaven trilogy by 2008.

338) Lissa Price (50,000+)
Lissa Price has sold over 50,000 copies of her Starters/Enders duology.

339) T.S. Orgel (50,000+)
A gestalt writing entity, consisting of brothers Tom and Stephan Orgel, have sold over 50,000 copies of their Orcs vs. Dwarves series).

340) Elliott James
Elliott James has sold over 50,000 copies of the Pax Arcana series.

341) Myke Cole (40,000+)
Myke Cole's military fantasy series has sold over 40,000 copies to date.

342) Andrew Michael Hurley (40,000+)
Andrew Michael Hurley is the author of the award-winning, literary but supernaturally-tinged novel The Loney.

343) Angus Watson (40,000+)
Angus Watson is the author of the Iron Age historical fantasy series.

344) Kameron Hurley (35,000+)
Kameron Hurley had sold about 35,000 copies of her Bel Dame Apocrypha series and The Mirror Empire by early 2015. Her total sales by now will be significantly higher.

345) Miles Cameron (20,000+) (fantasy only)
Miles Cameron sold 20,000 copies of his novel The Red Knight in 2013 alone. With the publication of more books in the Traitor Son series, his total sales will be much higher. He has sold more than 200,000 other novels under the name Christian Cameron, most notably the historical Tyrant series about Alexander the Great, as well as the Long War and Chivalry series.

Figures Not Available

J.G. Ballard, Philip K. Dick etc: 'classic' authors of yesteryear have few reliable sales figures available for them. In some cases lots of reprints and complex foreign sales deals means that this information is simply not available or unreliable when it is.

China Mieville: sales figures for this author also seem to be unavailable, despite his profile and clear success. The same for Clive Barker, despite his lengthy career.


Patrick said...

Hi Adam,

Great work, as always!

I just felt that the Weis and Hickman numbers were kind of low, so I did a little research before lunch. By 2014, the Dragonlance saga alone had sold more than 22 million copies worldwide:

Add to that the Darksword and the Rose of the Prophet trilogies, with all volumes ending up on the NYT bestseller list, and everything else they wrote together, and I'm pretty sure we're closer to the 25-30 million copies sold.

Adam Whitehead said...


George Phillies said...

Of course, there is the difficulty of penetrating behind the pseudonyms, but a segment of the Stratemeyer syndicate books -- Tom Swift -- were written by the same person.

For long series, some consideration of long series novels comes to mind. A fair piece of Perry Rhodan had only a few authors.

However, if you are considering series novels, no list is complete without Kapitan Mors und sein lenkbares Luftschiff (Captain Death and his Steerable Airship), much of which is believed to have been written by the same person. Kapitan Mors is surely the first SF magazine, in that it was published before World War ONE, and included not only dirigibles with indestructible armor plate, but also at least one spaceship capable of interplanetary flight. Indeed, the magazine coined a word for them: Raumschiff (spaceship).

gary said...

This is interesting. It is surprising that Heinlein and Asimov have not sold more. I believe the Foundation trilogy is one of the best ever written. And Stranger in a Strange Land was the first book to totally take me to new realms.

Also, I did not see John Campbell's work. I used to haunt the library looking for his books. The newer writers are good and prolific. But, I will always have a special place in my write for writer of the Golden Age of Science and Fantasy

Benjamin Thomas said...

Wonderful job as always! Just a note that you may want to update the verbiage for JK Rowling that she now has more than 2 "adult" books. The Cormoran Strike novels are now three in number with more on the way.

David Goldfarb said...

Ms. Meyer of the Twilight books spells her name Stephenie with an E.

Mister Dalliard said...

I have been seeing the figure of 12 million copies for Dune since the 1980s (see, for example, this obituary). I know I have sold a thousand or so copies since then and I suspect my store isn't unique in that. Is there a more up-to-date figure somewhere?

Adam Whitehead said...

FOUNDATION alone has sold 20 million. I imagine that the ROBOTS and EMPIRE series and his stand-alone novels probably double that, along with his hundreds of juveniles and factual volumes. He's probably above 50 million, but I couldn't get confirmation.

Heinlein is pretty big, but I think people tend to overestimate his worldwide popularity (which is certainly considerable). Heinlein is probably bigger than Clarke and Asimov in the USA, but on a worldwide scale he seems to be considerably less prevalent. I know in the UK the only Heinlein novel to remain constantly in print is STARSHIP TROOPERS, with even STRANGER IN A STRANGE LAND being unavailable for quite a while until being brought back a few years ago. Compare that to Asimov and Clarke remaining constantly in print since original publication. There's also the lack of successful and well-known adaptations of his work (even Asimov has THE BICENTENNIAL MAN and I, ROBOT, even if they had little to do with the original books), apart from STARSHIP TROOPERS (which is more of a satire of the book than an adaptation). Heinlein is still massive, of course.

DUNE apparently is now closer to 20 million copies sold by itself, with the other DUNE books having sold a bit more.

Unknown said...

I am fairly surprised that C. J. Cherryh is not on this list. With her Alliance-Union universe alone having two Hugo awards, and her continuing to expand the Foreigner Universe... She would probably be well up the list.

Adam Whitehead said...

Never found any figures for Cherryh, unfortunately. I suspect she'd have done quite well.

glavin said...

Is Coraline really Gaiman's least well-known? That one had a hit movie adaptation. Other than Graveyard Book and maybe American Gods it's probably got the most name recognition beyond fandom.

Bill@BookWorld said...

Poul Anderson?

Anonymous said...

Lois McMaster Bujold is a fine author. But you can't really call her the "most critically feted" American SF author while Ursula K LeGuin is still alive.

Christopher Weuve said...

Thanks for this useful list. BTW, Scott WesterFELD, not WesterFIELD.

Michael J. Sullivan said...

Nicely done - that's a heck of a lot work to put together. My English sales stand at 875,000. I have no idea about the sales from the foreign language translations. Just FYI.

Lloyd said...

Ben Bova? 120+ titles should have made a blip anyway!

Unknown said...

Tanith Lee? I'm sure her DAW titles alone should be over 100K.

Darth Sparhawk said...

What about Graham Masterton?

MacCruikseen said...

Presumably there are many established authors whose sales totals would be in the six figures easily if you were able to get numbers for them, esp. those published back in the day when you could sell 50K of almost anything in mass market paperback (those days, of course, are long gone). Just being able to crank them out would rack up sales (heck, some of those on this list are there because of large numbers of books published). Harry Harrison? Michael Moorcock? Harlan Ellison? Could go on and on.

Thorn Coyle said...

Octavia Butler's books sold more than 1 million copies. She should be on the list as well.

"Translated into 10 languages, her books have sold more than a million copies altogether, Ms. Heifetz said."

Anonymous said...

What about chinese wuxia authors like Jin Yong? Wikipedia says 100 million copies sold, not including bootleg copies.

Adam Whitehead said...

I considered adding both wuxia and Japanese manga authors (Beserk and Akira have sold tens of millions of copies each, at least) but wanted to undertake more research so the list wouldn't get swamped. There's also difficulties differentiating between wuxia works which include light supernatural elements (arguable inclusion), out-and-out fantasy elements (should be on the list) and are historical only (shouldn't be on the list).

Ready4more said...

What about C.J. Cherryh? She has 18 volumes in her Foreigner series alone plus her other series such as Alliance-Union, Cyteen, Faded Sun, Exile's Gate, etc.

Mark Lawrence said...

Out of interest, Agatha Christie is listed as having sold between 2 and 4 billion books, which at a minimum is more than the top five here combined!

She is outsold only by Shakespeare and the Bible.

Anonymous said...

I'm not sure I believe Agatha Christie has sold that many books. "Millions" for sure, but probably not that high.

Anonymous said...

Where is Jules Verne

Anonymous said...

Hello everyone,

Will there be another list like this, an updated one.
Respects to the blogger, Adam! Excellent work!

And Agatha Christie, will she be included? :)
Many thanks!

Adam Whitehead said...

Agatha Christie is a giga, mega-seller. She was translated into Chinese, Russian, Japanese etc at times when other authors were not and her profile was enormous and constant, helped by film versions of her books starting in the 1950s. So yes, her sales have always been enormous. The 4 billion is a bit unlikely, but 2 billion is possible (bearing in mind that Rowling is approaching 600 million after 20 years in a much, much more saturated marketplace).

Yes, the list will be updated at some point, although not just yet: there's not much more sales data available than there was 16 months ago.

And since Agatha Christie didn't write SFF, no :)

Anonymous said...

Awesome list, very informative. Have you heard of Brandon Mull, online it says that Fablehaven has sold 2 million copies in the United States alone, but he has several other series. I was just curious to see how many books he sold overall. Thanks for doing this!! Awesome list!